At the National Congress, plans for the voluntary termination of pregnancy have been presented on several occasions. In 2019, following the Senate`s vote against the 2018 draft, a reformed draft was presented, which states the following: The adoption of the regulations and their implementation is the result of years of struggles of the so-called « green flood », a feminist movement that has emerged in the country, which is fighting for « legal abortion, safe and free » one of his maxims. Fun People is entitled to « Lady », « Inner Courage » and « Angry Lady », while She Devils contributes to « Nothing for me », « Baby » and « Non-conforming and inappropriate ». « Lady » has become a hit for Argentine and Latin American punk:[28][29] Amnesty International`s position is for the legalization of abortion. According to a report by the organization, it is estimated that Argentina has an average of between 486,000 and 522,000 clandestine abortions per year. In 17 of the 24 provinces, it is the leading cause of maternal mortality. Amnesty International`s report indicates that 298 adolescent girls between the ages of 15 and 19 are mothers in Argentina every day, 70% of whom are unplanned. Although the law recognizes the right of children and adolescents to comprehensive sexuality education in public, public and private, denominational and secular educational institutions. However, in 2017, only nine provinces passed sex education laws.

[238] [239] Human Rights Watch also supports the decriminalization of abortion. [72] During its general periodic review in 2014, Argentina committed to consider a number of recommendations on women`s access to reproductive rights in the country. Some of the recommendations included taking steps to ensure that no woman or girl is criminally punished for an abortion, enacting laws granting women legal access to various reproductive health services, and ensuring equal access to legal abortion throughout the country. [72] [73] A study commissioned by the Ministry of Health in 2005 and conducted by demographers Edith Pantelides and Silvia Mario concluded that between 370,000 and 520,000 legal and non-legal induced abortions occur each year in a population of 45 million[3]. In 2016, a report by the Health Statistics and Information Directorate of the Ministry of Health showed the number of 43 female deaths this year due to all kinds of abortions, which are the leading cause of maternal mortality in the country, according to officials and various media outlets. [4] [5] [6] According to Adolfo Rubinstein, Mauricio Macri`s Minister of Health, this is the most common cause of maternal death in the country, and 50,000 hospitalizations are recorded each year in public institutions for clandestine abortions. [7] The Argentine Supreme Court`s strict anti-abortion doctrine changed with the incorporation of Judge Carmen Argibay in 2004 with a position in favor of decriminalization. [35] [36] Many Argentine state universities support the legalization of abortion. According to the 2016 directory of the Ministry of Health, 17.6% of maternal mortality is due to abortion-terminated pregnancies. The protagonist is a young woman, Nefer, who is pregnant and does not want to have children. Under the pressure of Catholic law and Catholic morality, he faces the requirements of desire and necessity: if the judicial sanction of limitation of legal capacity prevents consent to the exercise of the rights provided for in this law or if the person has been declared incapable, he must give his consent with the help of his legal representative or in the absence of a legal representative, that of a related person under article 59 of the Civil and Commercial Code of the Nation.

Despite these changes, access to legal abortion, enshrined in the Penal Code of 1921, was exceptional for women in Argentina due to moral, religious, medical, legal and political resistance. The medical and legal arguments were limited to the criminalizing version of abortion, which defends life from the moment of conception. [17] In the 1920s, abortions due to tuberculosis infections sparked much discussion among physicians of the time. [18] The majority of Board members were in favor of legalizing abortion and respecting women`s autonomy.

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