You will be asked to talk to student-athletes at the local high school about the use of sports supplements. You`re not sure it`s worth it. High school athletes probably don`t use supplements: they won`t remember anything you tell them, and it won`t change their mind if they`re considering using a supplement. Is classical music a good metaphor for elite sport? Sachin Tendulkar is known as the « Maestro of Mumbai ». The Associated Press called Maria Sharapova`s 2004 Wimbledon final a « virtuoso achievement. »13 Jim Murray14 wrote of Michael Jordan in 1996: Improving performance is not contrary to the spirit of the sport; This is the spirit of sport. Choosing to be better is being human. Athletes should have that choice. Your well-being should come first. But taking drugs is not necessarily a scam.
The legalization of drugs in sport can be fairer and safer. In addition to checking a CBC, TSH and BMP, it may be beneficial to check ferritin levels. Anemia and iron deficiency without anemia are common in endurance athletes. Ferritin is the main form of iron storage. Some studies have shown that treating low levels of ferritin can improve performance in athletes with deficiency symptoms.24 There is no evidence to support iron supplementation in athletes with normal iron and ferritin levels. Iron overload is also a possible complication if an athlete needs to be checked on supplements and therefore before starting iron labs. Low levels of ferritin can be adequately supplemented with iron sulfate or iron gluconate. This is an area that would benefit from further research. Safety: The main side effect of sodium bicarbonate supplementation in gram amounts is gastrointestinal discomfort, including nausea, stomach pain, diarrhea, and vomiting. Supplement users can reduce or minimize this burden by consuming the total dose in smaller amounts several times over an hour with liquid and a snack of high-carbohydrate foods [180,183]. Sodium bicarbonate is composed of 27.4% sodium by weight; 1 teaspoon (4.6 g) contains 1,259 mg of sodium. A 70 kg person taking a recommended dose of 300 mg/kg body weight would consume about 5,750 mg of sodium.
Such a large intake of sodium with fluid can lead to temporary overhydration, which could be useful in activities where large sweat losses could otherwise lead to significant water deficits. However, the slight increase in body weight due to water retention could affect performance in other sports . The studies did not assess the safety (and efficacy) of long-term use of sodium bicarbonate as an ergogenic agent for months or more. Possible side effects of excess vitamin C include diarrhea, nausea, abdominal cramps, and other gastrointestinal disorders. Taking excessive amounts of vitamin E increases the risk of bleeding effects. In addition, the results of a large clinical trial show that even at doses below the UL (400 IU/day taken for several years), vitamin E supplements may increase the risk of prostate cancer in men . Side effects of CoQ10 are mild and may include fatigue, insomnia, rash, nausea, upper abdominal pain, heartburn, sensitivity to light, irritability, dizziness, and headache . We are far from the days of amateur sport. High-performance athletes can earn tens of millions of dollars each year in prizes alone, and millions more in sponsorships and affirmations. The temptation to succeed is great. But the penalties for fraud are low.
A six-month or one-year non-compete clause is a small penalty payable for additional years of multi-million dollar success. Linford Christie, who banned track and field competitions for two years, said athletics « is now so corrupt that I don`t want my child to do it. 37 But aside from the moral damage done to children when they participate in corrupt sport, should we keep them out of professional sports for medical reasons? Safety: Studies have found no side effects from fresh sour cherry juice or concentrate or dietary supplements based on dried sour cherry peel powder. However, they did not adequately assess the safety of sour cherry supplements. There is no difference between increasing your blood count through altitude training, using a hypoxic air device, or taking EPO. But the latter is illegal. Some competitors have high PCVs and an advantage by chance. Some can afford hypoxic air machines.
Is that fair? Nature is not fair. Ian Thorpe has huge feet that give him an edge that no other swimmer can get, no matter how much he trains. Some gymnasts are more flexible and some basketball players are seven feet tall. By allowing everyone to take performance-enhancing medications, we are levelling the playing field. We eliminate the effects of genetic inequality. Far from being unfair, improving performance promotes equality. Human sport is different from sports with other animals such as horse or dog racing. The goal of a horse race is to find the fastest horse. The horses are lined up and whipped.
The winner is the one who has the best combination of biology, training and rider. Basically, it is a test of biological potential. This was the old Athenian naturalistic vision of sport: to find the strongest, fastest or most skillful man. While athletes and consumers should be especially aware of these four things when considering « natural » products, it`s also important to remember that using a supplement is at your own risk. Visit supplement 411 for more information on how to achieve, recognize, and reduce the risks associated with supplements. The FDA regulates dietary supplements for exercise and athletic performance in accordance with the Health and Dietary Supplement Education Act of 1994 . Like other supplements, dietary supplements for exercise and athletic performance differ from over-the-counter or prescription drugs in that they do not require FDA review or approval before being placed on the market. Supplement manufacturers are responsible for determining that their products are safe and that their label claims are true and not misleading, although they are not required to provide this evidence to the FDA before marketing their products.
If the FDA determines that a supplement is unsafe, it may withdraw the product from the market or ask the manufacturer to voluntarily recall the product. The FDA and federal trade commission (FTC) may also take regulatory action against manufacturers who make unfounded physical performance or other claims on their products. If we compare the medical damage of the entire global doping problem, it should be far less than the global harm resulting from the civilian use of illegal drugs. And yet, per drug user, the amount of money spent on combating drugs in sport exceeds by several orders of magnitude the amount spent on combating civilian drug use. Would legal and freely available drugs violate this « spirit »? Would such a permissive rule be good for sport? Efficacy: Studies suggest that using high doses of antioxidant supplements, especially vitamins C and E, may reduce rather than promote some of the positive effects of exercise. For example, in one study, 54 healthy Norwegian men and women aged 20 to 30, most of whom were recreational athletes, were randomly assigned 1,000 mg of vitamin C and 235 mg (about 520 IU) of vitamin E in the form of DL-alpha-tocopherol or a placebo daily for 11 weeks while participating in an endurance training program that consisted primarily of running. Compared to placebo, the supplements had no effect on maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max, a measure of aerobic capacity and endurance) or mileage. However, they significantly lowered the level of biochemical markers associated with mitochondrial formation and exercise-induced cell signaling, thereby reducing desirable exercise-induced adaptations in skeletal muscle . The same research group conducted another study using the same doses of vitamins C and E in 32 young men and women who followed a bodybuilding program for 10 weeks.
Compared to placebo, the supplements had no effect on muscle growth, but they significantly reduced arm strength gain, as measured by biceps tendons, and blunt cell signaling pathways associated with muscle hypertrophy . In another study, 18 young men aged 20 to 34 years were randomly assigned to 120 mg/day of CoQ10 for 22 days or placebo . After 7 days of high-intensity cycling sprints, the CoQ10 group had, on average, a significantly smaller improvement in average power than the placebo group, suggesting a poorer adaptation to training. « . The strict liability rule, according to which athletes must be alone and legally responsible for what they consume, must remain the top priority. We cannot move a millimeter away from strict adherence without blinding reason and cause – if we do, the battle to save the sport is lost. « Sellers claim that dozens of ingredients in supplements can improve exercise and athletic performance.